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Panic Attack While High

The effects of weed are different for everyone, and even seasoned consumers may not have the same reaction every time they use it.

In some cases, it may exactly work as you intended, whether it was used for the purpose of relieving mental health symptoms or stimulating appetite. But in other cases, it may make you more stressed and anxious.

It’s also common to worry that you’ll die or lose control. Despite being frightening, these feelings are normal during panic attacks.

Fortunately, panic attacks don’t represent a significant threat. In addition, they usually subside on their own after a few minutes. When you’re gripped by panic, those 10 minutes can seem like an eternity.

What are Panic Attacks?

Fear, panic, or anxiety can cause panic attacks when they occur suddenly and intensely. Both physical and emotional symptoms accompany panic attacks.

If you experience a panic attack, you might find yourself sweating profusely, trembling, and feeling your heart beating.

During a panic attack, some people may also experience chest pain and feel detached from reality or themselves, which may make them believe that they’re having a heart attack. People have also felt like they were having a stroke during panic attacks.

Panic attacks can occur to anyone at any time. Factors that contribute to panic attacks include:

  • Age: Panic attacks tend to occur at the end of adolescence or in early adulthood. However, anyone can suffer from panic attacks, including children.
  • Gender: The risk of panic disorder is twice that of men.

Cause of  Panic Attack

There are many reasons why panic attacks happen, and sometimes there is no apparent cause.

Your chances of experiencing them are higher if you:

  • Feel panicky
  • One or more anxiety disorders
  • Are addicted to certain substances
  • Medication usage
  • An overactive thyroid gland is an example of a medical condition.
  • Psychosis is a complication of this condition.

The triggers that cause panic attacks vary widely from person to person. There may not always be a clear cause.

In some cases, however, the following can cause an attack:

  • Parties and social gatherings
  • Speaking in public
  • Dispute
  • You remember stressful situations from the past or present

What Is Weed?

It’s a mix of dried flowers derived from plants such as Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica, which is green and gray – also called cannabis, marijuana, Mary Jane, pot, herb, grass, bud, and ganja. Rolling it into blunts, joints, or roaches and smoking it, smoking it in a bong, or smoking it with a vape pen are all ways of smoking it. Herbs are also suitable for brewing as teas and baking as they are made of leaves. Alternatively, square resin dabs, which are concentrated versions, are available. The main psychoactive component in marijuana is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). 

Cannabis contains THC, which produces the high many people experience, along with its other side effects. Among these are: 

  • Relaxed and calm feelings
  • Smell, hear and see with heightened senses such as seeing bright colors
  • Being out of touch with reality or having a distorted sense of time
  • Having difficulty moving or reduced motor skills
  • Risky behavior is more likely when inhibitions are low
  • Tiredness
  • Sleepiness 
  • Uncertainty
  • An increase in appetite 

The Link Between Weed & Panic Attacks

Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology published a study in 2010 that examined panic behaviors among Americans who use marijuana. Several factors were taken into account, including age, income, race, education, and socioeconomic status.

Taking these factors into account, the study found that marijuana use is indeed associated with an increased chance of experiencing a panic attack.

The study found that people with panic disorders were more likely to smoke weed for a long time.

Symptoms of Panic Attack while High

In some cases, cannabis-induced anxiety can manifest as a panic attack, which can lead to:

  • Shaking or sweating
  • You suddenly feel a sense of doom that cannot be explained
  • Feelings of being watched or judged by others
  • Heartbeats racing
  • Breathing problems
  • An intense feeling of fear
  • Feelings of choking or chest pain
  • Anxiety or nausea in the stomach
  • You feel numb, tingly, or chilled
  • Feeling detached from reality or your body

Risk Factors for Panic Attacks While Taking Weed

Currently, cannabis research is focused on teens who are more likely to experiment with marijuana for the first time. Regular users can provide us with better insight into those who are more likely to suffer from panic attacks.

Around 25 percent of users of weed become problematic. Another quarter of these users may have an anxiety disorder. Cannabis is more likely to be used in problematic ways by people who possess anxiety as children.

Problematic users share a few characteristics.

  • Many children have been maltreated or bullied when they were young.
  • Marijuana use may develop as an adult for some people because they had fewer friends who used weed as teenagers, causing delayed problems with marijuana.
  • As early as age 9, persistent weed users usually had problems with the drug.

How To Stop Your Panic Attack While High

It can be frightening if you have never experienced a panic attack before. The first time you experience a headache, you should see a doctor as soon as possible so that any other serious health problems, such as a heart attack or stroke, may be ruled out.

You may find these remedies to be effective if you suffer from panic attacks and are familiar with their symptoms:

  • Recall the last time you had a panic attack. Be reassured that they aren’t harmful and that you will be fine. You can calm yourself by understanding that the symptoms you’re experiencing are only temporary symptoms of anxiety.
  • Take a deep breath. Although it seems like a no-brainer, many people forget to take a deep breath. Excessive tension is often caused by quick, short breaths. Fill your lungs with long, slow breaths as you inhale from your stomach instead of your chest.
  • Aromatize yourself with lavender. There has been a belief for a long time that lavender relieves anxiety and calms the mind. According to new research, lavender, thanks to a compound called linalool, actually reduces anxiety by passing signals to the brain.
  • Your body needs to be relaxed. You may not be aware of how tense you are when you have a panic attack. Begin at the bottom and work up. Become aware of how tense your feet are. Moving upwards, release your muscles until you reach your shoulders. When you reach your calves, do the same and then go up to your shoulders.
  • Get distracted. You should ignore what’s happening when you have a panic attack, as the trigger is in your head. A game that engages your brain is the best game you can play on your phone.
  • Turn on some calming music. Turn on something quiet, slow, and relaxing to alleviate the stress your body is experiencing. The mind tends to calm when listening to music with a slow tempo.


What does a high panic attack feel like?

An attack of panic is characterized by a wave of fear that comes suddenly and is debilitating and immobilizing in intensity. When you feel like you’re going insane or dying, you feel your heart pounding and you can’t breathe. It is often the case that panic attacks strike unexpectedly, with no warning, and with no apparent cause.

Why do panic attacks happen at night?

People experiencing panic attacks at night do not have a single, clear-cut explanation. It is known, however, that the brain does not ‘switch off’ during sleep, so any pent-up anxieties or worries can manifest in our unconscious brains, resulting in nocturnal panic attacks.

Does drinking water stop panic attacks?

Maintaining adequate hydration is a key part of managing anxiety. Water can create feelings of relaxation even if you aren’t experiencing anxiety. High anxiety and dehydration can lead to panic attacks.

How long do panic attacks last?

The average panic attack lasts between five and twenty minutes. However, there have been reports of panic attacks lasting for an hour or more. Depending on the severity of your condition, you might have several attacks. Attacks occur once or twice a month for some people, while others have them every week for others.

Stomach Pain: Causes, Types, and Treatment

woman having stomach pain

One of the most common things about which both adults and children complain is stomach pain. Our stomach is among one of the most important organs in our body which helps in the process of digestion. It surrounds the Gallbladder, liver, upper intestine, and pancreas. It is also called abdominal pain.

There are many reasons which are responsible for our stomach pain such as any stomach virus or gas and this can cause serious concern to one’s health and mind and can require from acute to chronic treatment.

For example, indigestion can be caused by ulcers and liver dysfunction can be caused by gallstones, etc.

Types of stomach/abdominal pain

  1. Acute ache -It starts over a few hours and days and accompanies many other symptoms too.
  2. Chronic ache – Stays for more days as compared to acute ache, usually comes and goes.
  3. Progressive ache -Its intensity and symptoms increase with time.

Related Post: Some hobbies for coping depression 

Causes for our stomach pain

1. Constipation

Constipation causes pain in the lower area of our stomach. If the pain is acute there is nothing much to worry but if the pain is too much to endure then the symptoms include:

  • Cramps in the lower abdomen
  • Bloating
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting and nausea

Constipation usually relieves by taking medicines or using toilets frequently but if you feel the problem is too hard to handle then you should always consult a doctor.

2. Gastric pain

Gastric pain is known to be one of the most common stomach pain it can range from being mild to getting severe. Most of the time it is caused by the accumulation of excessive acid in the stomach. Its symptoms include :

  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Wanted to eat but have a feeling that you are full
  • Indigestion
  • Bloating

In most cases, gastric pain stops on its own but if the problem continues you should consult a doctor for proper medication.

3. Gas

The pain from gas takes place in the upper stomach as gas naturally accumulates in the intestine or digestive tract and can give the feeling of bloating pressure, and fullness which can intensify your pain.

This pain can cause swelling in your stomach making you burp or pass the gas frequently. This can even lead to constipation or diarrhea. Having gas is not serious and taking medicines can help a lot. A person should eat less and slowly at the time of gas for preventing it from getting worse.

Related Post: Arugula health benefits and their use

4. Kidney pain

Severe stomach pain and back pain is felt when any person is going through kidney pain. Some people have marked this pain as equal to the pain suffered during childbirth as it is one of the worst cases of stomach pain. Its symptoms include:

  • Severe pain that travels to the lower abdomen
  • Fever
  • Nausea and vomiting

Many times the stone pass out by themselves in the urine but if their size and position is a way more severe then therapy or minor surgery is performed by the doctor.

5. Menstrual cramps

Being a woman is not easy and every month you have to go through pain in your lower tummy at the time of your periods. All the females have their different experience and different level of pain which highly varies from one to another. Alongside menstrual cramps, women’s will also face problems like

Many women go through a lot of severe pain in their left or the right side of the stomach which prevails for a long time and prevent them from speaking so, it would be a great help for them to consult their doctor for advice.

If you are facing pain while urinating then it’s also necessary to consult a doctor as it can be a urinary infection and can be a lot harmful if you are sexually active.

6. Appendicitis

It is not one of the most common causes of stomach pain. and onlon1 out of 20 people suffer from it between the age of 10 – 30. Some of its symptoms are :

  • Fever
  • Pain while walking, coughing, or when you press your stomach
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • You will feel constant pain in the central stomach the shifts to your right lower stomach.

If you are experiencing the pain then you should not let it go worse and should consult a doctor as soon as possible.

Related Post: Stygiophobia, the fear of hell!

When you should seek help from your doctor

There are few causes of stomach ache that are not discussed above in the article, some of the severe symptoms of stomach ache which can not be overlooked are –

  • If you observe blood while urinating and excreting.
  • You accompany fever along with nausea and vomiting.
  • If you are experiencing abdominal pain after a serious injury or as a result of any medicine which lasts more than 12 – 15 days.
  • If your pain increases even after consuming the medicine.

Note – Do not take these signs lightly and immediately seek for medical ache because the stomach ache that you think is normal, might be a result of food poisoning or any other serious issue

How to cure stomach pain

There are many ways to treat your stomach ache, but the easiest and most effective natural treatments are –

  • Cutting down your food intake, instead of eating a lot at one time, divide your meal into smaller portions at different times.
  • Decrease your eating speed.
  • Start chewing nicely.
  • Consume liquids at normal temperatures(room).
  • Avoid food triggering gas and indigestion issues.
  • Calm your mind down while eating.
  • Cut your caffeine and alcohol intake.
  • Do not lean immediately after eating.
  • Engage in light physical activity or walk after eating.

Related Post: Side effects, precautions, addiction, and risks of caffeine intake

What do various positions of stomach ache indicate?

The abdominal ache that is generalized in the complete stomach indicates –

  • Issue related to appendicitis
  • Any injury related to trauma.
  • Uncertain bowel functioning.
  • Any flu.
  • Infection in the urinary tract.

Pain occurring in the lower region of abdomen indicates –

  • Appendicitis
  • Intestinal issues.
  • Issue of ectopic pregnancy.

Pain occurring in the upper region(right) of abdomen indicates –

  • Any injury.
  • Due to pneumonia or hepatitis.
  • Appendicitis.


1. How long should a stomach ache last?

Harmless abdominal pain usually goes away within two hours.

2. What do gas pains feel like?

Gastric pain feels like a knot inside your chest, the pain is very intense and is capable of sending you hospital.

3. Why do gas pains hurt so bad?

When gas is blocked from escaping, diarrhea or constipation may be responsible. Sometimes gastric issues can be considered as appendicitis by doctors as it is so intense.

4. How do you get rid of stomach aches in bed?

Management of night stomach pain include:

  • By avoiding eating close to your bedtime.
  • Elevating the head of your bed while sleeping.
  • Avoiding fatty foods, coffee, or chocolate at night.

5. How to know if stomach pain is serious?

Symptoms to know if your pain is serious are–

  • The abdomen is extremely hard.
  • Abdominal softness on being touched.
  • Coughing and spilling out blood.
  • Persistent vomiting.

6. Is it recommended to have over-the-counter pain curing medicines?

No, it is not quite a great idea to consume over-the-counter medicines for curing your stomach ache as it will most of the time increase pain and also add irritability in the stomach, so try to consult a medical professional before taking any medicines on your own.

7. I am a woman and I am experiencing continuous pain in my reproductive organs, what can be the expected cause, and is this a reason to worry?

You should never ignore any stomach-related aches and irregularities, as they can be due to serious irregularities in your internal organs.

Being a woman some of the possible causes of your continuous stomach ache can be –

  1. Menstruation.
  2. Result of a miscarriage.
  3. Ectopic pregnancy
  4. Issues of fibroids and some other pelvic diseases (inflammatory).

The best thing to do will be to consult a medical professional as soon as possible.

8. Why does my stomach hurt when I push it from outside?

The phenomenon which causes your stomach to take when force is applied from outside is called abdominal tenderness, but if you still feel it after withdrawing the pressure then it is known as the Blumberg sign or rebound tenderness. Abdominal tenderness is a symptom of inflammation or other issues affecting more than one organ. Tenderness is also possible due to a twisted or blocked internal organ.

9. What are the signs of gastric ache?

Gastric pain feels like a twist or loop inside your abdomen. It is also noted that few people find their gas to rotate inside their stomachs, generally in an upward position i.e towards your chest.
Note – The duration of gastric pain can last for quite a few hours, it does not generally require any treatment but if your ache continuous for more than a day, it can then be a sign of some serious stomach disorder, so you better consult a doctor as soon as possible.

10. What are the symptoms of pancreatitis pain?

The pain caused by acute pancreatitis originates in the upper portion of your abdomen and its durability us for few days. You will experience intense and continuous aches in your stomach, the pain can also travel to your back and other regions. The intensity of pancreatitis pain will be mild at the beginning but will surely intensify with time. patients suffering from this pain are likely to look unwell and nauseous.

11. List various treatment alternatives for curing appendicitis.

The most common way to cure appendicitis is by taking out the appendix (surgically) by the process called an appendectomy. It is practiced in the form of a task for curing the remaining infection, antibiotics are taken.

12. Can overeating cause stomach ache?

Yes, if you eat more than your capacity then it can result from minor and in some cases major stomach aches. To avoid such a situation try to walk after eating instead of lying down.


There is an age when all types of aches including stomach aches are normal, but as soon as you feel your normal abdominal ache turning into something severe, instantly go and consult a doctor. Do not panic.

The treatments for curing stomach aches will not be much sophisticated but should be taken responsibly, if you are prescribed any medicine by your doctor then complete the full course suggested.

Episodic Migraine vs Chronic Migraine, Treatment, Risk

Man suffering from Episodic Migraine

What is Episodic Migraine?

Episodic migraine is a cyclic issue. Yet no single explanation exists for the periodicity of migraine, a couple of regular cycles including sexual substance, mental status, genetic and environmental parts may play working together positions Intriguingly, the electrophysiology of cerebral pain is also novel and undeniable changes occur along the migraine cycle.

For instance, during the days going before the attack, migraine patients showed more expressed reactivity to extend, as shown by extended plentifulness of the unforeseen negative assortment (CNV) and more diminished change. During the 12–24 h going before an attack, the abnormal change deficit radically normalizes and this miracle has been shown in CNV, VEP adequacy, visual P300 inaction, power dependence of hear-capable evoked potential outcomes, and gleam reflex. 

It needs around 1–2 days after the migraine attack for the normalized acclimation to transform back to deficient change again. Intriguingly, concentrates with somatosensory evoked conceivable outcomes showed that the early high-repeat movements (HFOs) part, reflecting thalamocortical cholinergic affiliations, decreased interictally and normalized during cerebral pain attacks, while the late HFOs section, reflecting inhibitory interneurons, remained conventional.

It has been guessed that the hyperfunctioning thalamocortical cholinergic projections may cause a reasonable partition of the thalamus that prompts extended cortical gamma-band movements and therefore diminished visual cortical change—thalamocortical dysrhythmias.

Difference between Episodic Migraine and Chronic Migraines

The difference between episodic migraine and chronic migraine is how oftentimes the headache happens. Long-winded headache victims have less than 14 migraines each month for 90 days. Persistent headache victims experience migraines 15 days or more each month. In the two cases, the cerebral pains don’t need to be serious migraines or headache cerebral pains to check. 

Episodic migraines can increment throughout months or years to become persistent headaches. It’s anything but clear how episodic migraines increase and become chronic. A few scientists presume that irritation causes veins in the cerebrum to grow and pack close by nerves, causing migraines. Rehashed scenes of aggravation may add to the movement of episodic migraine to chronic migraine. It’s conceivable that rehashed scenes of irritation cause some nerve cells in the cerebrum to get delicate and bound to cause headache torment.

Will your episodic migraine become chronic? 

Migraine changes all through somebody’s lifetime. There are times when migraine assaults might be less regular and times when assaults might be more incessant.

  • For instance, in female patients the assault recurrence increments:
    • close to the main period
    • in the wake of bringing forth various kids
    • during the perimenopausal period 

Risk factors for changing from episodic migraine to chronic migraine

  • Corpulence 
  • Abusing depending on the situation drugs 
  • Rest challenges, for example, rest apnea and a sleeping disorder 
  • Depression 
  • Tension 

Treatments to oversee migraine symptoms? 

Therapies unquestionably change when we separate between verbose and persistent headaches. 

There are a few classifications of medicines: 

  • Preventive medicines are intended to forestall assaults before they occur. 
  • Salvage or failed medicines are utilized when you have an assault. 
  • Integrative medication medicines are normal methodologies that can be added to standard treatments.


1) What causes episodic cerebral pains? 

Episodic cerebral pain is normal in individuals, everything being equal, and the two sexual orientations. Weakness, effort, and transitory life stress cause cerebral pain. The component is likely drawn-out compression of muscles connected to the skull. The agony is consistent, throbbing, and tight.

2) What number of headaches a month is ordinary? 

Many people who are inclined to headaches get an excruciating assault more than once per month. Be that as it may, if you have the condition known as ongoing headache, you get cerebral pains significantly more frequently – at least 15 days per month for no less than 90 days. These successive and extreme assaults can make carrying on with a typical life a test.

3) What is an episodic cluster headache?

In episodic cluster headaches, the headache happens for multi weeks to a year, trailed by a torment-free reduction period that can keep going up to a year before another bunch of cerebral pain creates. Chronic group periods may proceed for over a year, or pain-free periods may last short of one month.

4) Why do we get tension headaches every day?

They might be because of pressure in the muscles at the rear of the head and neck, yet it is presently evident that this isn’t generally the reason. Different causes announced by patients incorporate pressure, sleepiness, appetite, and eye strain. Numerous persistent pressure migraines produce for no obvious explanation

5) What should I eat for migraines?

Food sources wealthy in magnesium incorporate dull mixed greens, avocado, and fish. Omega-3 unsaturated fats. Exploration demonstrates that expanding omega-3 unsaturated fats may assist individuals with headaches. Food sources wealthy in omega-3 unsaturated fats incorporate fish like mackerel and salmon, and seeds and legumes.

6) Is coffee good for migraines?

Caffeine can give alleviation to a migraine. This increment bloodstream pressures encompassing nerves, which send torment messages to the cerebrum. This welcomes the cerebral pain. Caffeine has vasoconstrictive properties, implying that veins thin to confine the bloodstream, accordingly easing the torment.

7) What will neurologists do for migraines?

In the event that your nervous system specialist finds that your agony is brought about by headaches, they’ll prescribe a treatment intend to stop your side effects and assist with keeping them from returning. Specialists separate headache medicine into two fundamental gatherings. You may utilize medication to alleviate your torment or medication to forestall your agony

8) Do we grow out of headaches? 

A few of us do. For around 33% of ladies, Migraines vanish or work on drastically after menopause. In any case, for other people, the cerebral pains basically change in character or simply proceed as in the past. Albeit less all around contemplated, men regularly lose their headaches in their fifties or sixties also. The purposes behind progress in migraines with maturing are not altogether seen, however, it no doubt has to do with the evening out of changes in chemical levels that accompany maturing. At whatever point there is an adjustment of the person or recurrence of migraines, it’s anything but a smart thought to examine the progressions with your medical services suppliers.

9) Do over-the-counter migraine medications work? 

For individuals whose migraines are gentle to direct and moderately rare, this class of medications can be exceptionally successful. The peril accompanies abuse. At the point when these drugs are taken time after time or in abundance dosing, they bring about an ongoing, day-by-day migraine disorder known as Medication Overuse Headache (MOH). Abuse can likewise prompt cardiovascular, liver, and kidney issues. A decent general guideline for over-the-counter medications is “close to two days of the week.” If you need treatment more regularly than this, it is most likely an ideal opportunity to counsel your primary care physician.

10) What is a complicated migraine?

A complicated migraine is a headache scene during which there are non-torment-related neurologic signs. The most widely recognized of these are shortcoming or tactile changes on one side of the body. In any case, discourse capture, dizziness, and visual changes have additionally been depicted. The principle distinction between a complicated headache manifestation and the air is that in a complicated headache, the progressions are simultaneous with the migraine while in air, they go before it. Complicated headaches have some different ramifications for your wellbeing which make it a smart thought to look for neurologic guidance with respect to the anticipation of these scenes

Zoophobia: Phobia of Animals, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

zoophobia the fear of animals

What does zoophobia mean?

Zoophobia is a kind of phobia where a person is having a fear of animals. It doesn’t mean person fear all kind of animals but mostly in many cases, the fear of animals is directed to a specific kind of animal. However, in extreme cases, it can also be possible for a person suffering from zoophobia to fear many different types or all animals.

Zoophobia is a specific kind of phobia that can also be related to anxiety disorder in which a person suffers from an uncontrollable, exaggerated, and intense fear of animals or any situation related to animals.

Zoophobia is way too common and consistently the most reported type of phobia related to animals. According to the National Institute of Mental Health around 12.5 percent of adults in the United States experience zoophobia during their life.

Symptoms related to Zoophobia

One of the main indications of any kind of phobia is to have an intense fear of something and in this case, this exaggeration is compared to the ferry of animals where a person feels an intense fear whenever he/she is being exposed to any kind of animals. It’s really important to note that it’s not always necessary for a person to fear animals when that animal is actually present in front of them. A person with zoophobia also fear when:

  • Hearing about an animal
  • Thinking about an animal whom they fear
  • Talking about an animal
  • Seeing videos of an animal

A person with zoophobia tries to avoid activities when they see animals around them. Some examples include avoiding watching documentaries related to nature, going to friends or relatives’ houses who have pets, or zoo.

Except for having fear of animals, there are also many other physical symptoms associated with this phobias. For example, someone with zoophobia also experiences things such as:

  • Increased heart rate
  • Increased sweating and trembling hands or legs
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Vomiting or nausea
  • Feeling that you are going to faint
  • Tightening of chest

Children with zoophobia also tend to show some signs such as:

  • Freezing up
  • Crying or start throwing tantrums
  • Clinging to their parents or somebody near them

What are the causes that lead to fearing animals?

Till now the exact causes that lead the path to zoophobia are still unknown but it’s possible to know several factors that contribute a lot to the development of this condition, such as:

  • Any negative experiences. One of the most common reasons to fear animals is that if a person has gone through any negative experience related to animals in the past then he can panic while seeing them. For example, if there is someone who’s been attacked by a dog, he may become afraid of them.
  • Learned behaviors. Fear of animals is something which can also be learned by observing i.e. if our parents, friends, siblings, or someone to whom we are very close fear animals then we also start fearing them. For example, if our parents get terrorized by seeing cats then, we may also learn to fear them.
  • Genetics. There’s also a belief that our DNA or genes also play a huge role in transferring phobia’s from one generation to another.
  • Fear processing. There are many people whose anxiety or curiosity leads them to develop a specific phobia as they process their fear in a different way trying to be more impatient than others.

The most common animal phobias are:

It’s possible for a person to develop a zoophobia to any particular kind of animal and it can also be a possibility that someone can fear all animals. Some very common animal-related phobias are:

  • Chiroptophobia is fear of bats
  • Cynophobia is fear of dogs
  • Equinophobia is fear of horses
  • Helminthophobia is fear of worms
  • Ichthyophobia is fear of fish
  • Musophobia is fear of mice and rats
  • Ranidaphobia is fear of frogs and toads

How to cope with Zoophobia?

If a person is suffering from zoophobia, there are some things which he can surely do that can help him cope with his fear, such as:

  • Try avoiding certain activities. You should not limit yourself from going out or avoiding several activities just because of your fear to come across animals as this can be a great barrier in reinforcing your phobia.
  • Keeping yourself healthy. Taking care of yourself should be your greatest priority. You should eat a healthy diet, start doing regular exercise and most importantly make sure that you get enough sleep so that you can reduce your symptoms.
  • Stress-reducing techniques. Anxiety gives a lot of support in increasing your fear so you should always try to find a way to reduce your stress. Some of the ways that you can try include meditation, yoga, or even breathing practices.
  • Connect with others. You should never suppress your emotions and always try to talk with your family or even friends about what you’re feeling. If you want you can also join a support group as they can also help you.

Treatment for Zoophobia

You should always look for a medical health professional to whom you can speak about your symptoms and feeling and can know about different treatment options available for treating zoophobia.

Exposure therapy

You are made to deal with your fear during exposure therapy. Slowly and gradually you are exposed to the object you fear. First sessions mostly lead to the least amount of anxiety and then your therapist will gradually build up more anxiety-related situations.

Let’s use a specific type of zoophobia, such as fear of dogs as an example to show how this therapy progresses over time. Firstly they will ask you to:

  1. Thinking about dogs
  2. Start talking about dogs
  3. Looking at a picture of a dog
  4. Listening to the sounds of dogs barking
  5. Watching a video of different breeds of dogs
  6. Touching or petting a dog
  7. And lastly will ask you to play with a dog

During exposure therapy, your therapist will also teach you skills so that you can manage the feelings of anxiety

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy is mostly combined with exposure therapy. In this, the therapist will work on your negative thoughts and feelings. You’ll work on reshaping your beliefs and emotions so that you can reduce your fear of animals.


Medications should be used for specific phobias in the short term. In many cases, they can be useful in coping with anxiety as you are undergoing treatment side by side.

Two examples of medications that are prescribed are beta-blockers and benzodiazepines.

You should always talk with your therapist before taking any medication.

Frequently Asked Questions

1) What is the most common Zoophobia?

Zoophobias are referred as one of the most common types of phobia. The most common zoophobias are of spiders and snakes

2) When should a medical professional be consulted?

If the physical symptoms of phobia are interfering with your daily life, then a mental health professional such as a psychologist should be consulted.

3) What are the areas of your life where your specific phobia can interfere?

Some of the areas which our phobia can ruin are:

  • relationships with friends or people we know
  • work or school
  • social interactions or our daily activities

Hyperthyroidism: Symptoms, Treatment, Causes

hyperthyroidism in girl

Hyperthyroidism and Thyroid Gland

Before understanding hyperthyroidism, let us first understand the thyroid gland.

The thyroid gland is situated in front of the neck, below Adam’s apple. It has two lobes, the left lobe, and the right lobe. Both the lobes are joined through a small bridge of thyroid tissue called the isthmus.

The thyroid gland produces essential hormones which are necessary for your body’s functioning. If the thyroid does not work efficiently, then it will impact your entire body.

Hormones produced by the thyroid

 The thyroid releases two hormones-

  • Triiodothyronine (T3)
  • Thyroxine (T4)

It uses Iodine which is present in food to make these hormones. It even stores these thyroid hormones and releases them when required.

Importance of Thyroid gland

  • The thyroid gland controls metabolism.
  • Metabolism is the process of converting food into energy.
  • It controls how the body cells use energy from food.
  • Metabolism affects the body’s temperature, heartbeat, and how well the body burns calories.

Problems related to thyroid

  • If the thyroid gland does not work properly it can lead to hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.
  • Either it can produce too many hormones or it can produce too few hormones.
  • When it produces too many hormones, a situation of the overactive thyroid is also called hyperthyroidism.
  • Or when it produces too few hormones, a situation of an underactive thyroid is also called hypothyroidism.

Now let us talk about hyperthyroidism

What is hyperthyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism is overactive thyroid, it occurs when your thyroid gland produces too many thyroid hormones. Hyperthyroidism can speed up the body’s metabolism, leading to weight loss and rapid or irregular heartbeat.

What are the symptoms of hyperthyroidism?

  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Nervousness, irritability
  • Sweating
  • Fatigue or muscle weakness
  • Thin hair

What causes hyperthyroidism?

  • The most common cause is an autoimmune disorder, antibodies produced by the immune system stimulate the thyroid to produce more T4.
  • Too much intake of iodine in your diet can stimulate the thyroid to produce more thyroid hormones.

Risks associated with it

  • Genetics
  • Sex (especially women are more prone to this)
  • Past illness of 1 diabetes, pernicious anemia

What is the treatment of hyperthyroidism?

It is a fact that hyperthyroidism does not go away on its own. It requires treatment.

  • One must concern a doctor, he/she will prescribe a medicine dose which is taken every day to control the hormone. 
  • A regular blood test must be done to check the level of hormones.
  • Permanent treatment can be radioactive iodine. But sometimes this permanent treatment can result in hypothyroidism (when the thyroid produces too few hormones).

There can be many other factors that can control hyperthyroidism.

Now let us talk about the yoga position to control hyperthyroidism

Yoga Positions to control hyperthyroidism

Yoga is beneficial for everything. It is beneficial to overall health. It can balance the body’s energy, flexibility, physique, and stress. There is a connection between stress and hyperthyroidism.

Keep in mind that yoga does not cure thyroid problems. Do not replace it completely with the medication. It just has a positive effect on improving thyroid function. Take proper medication and follow these postures for controlling the hormones.

Must discuss with your doctor before performing yoga.

Benefits or Uses

  • Improves circulation
  • Controls energy flow 
  • Stretches and strengthen the back
  • Releases stress

Things to keep in mind before performing the posture-

  • Do not go beyond the limit, every human body has its own limitations. 
  • Be gentle 
  • Perform easily 
  • You can even adjust and modify the poses according to your comfort.
  • You do not have to perform all the poses in one day.
  • Perform few postures in a day.
  • Must take care of your back and other bones.
  • Do not perform the posture if it can affect your body.
  • Try to perform it in front of a yoga expert so it can guide you and correct you.
  • Or you can perform with the help of youtube.

1) Supported Shoulder Stand


  • It treats the thyroid
  • It stimulates blood flow to the upper body glands
  • It has a positive effect on the thyroid gland


  • Use a mat or a towel.
  • Lie down on the mat in the supine position.
  • Press your back and arms for support on the mat.
  • Inhale, then lift your legs to ninety degrees.
  • Exhale slowly and bring your legs over your head.
  • Balance your feet in the air.
  • Keep your hand to your lower back to support your body.
  • Raise your legs straight towards the ceiling.
  • If possible, try to keep your spine, hips, and shoulders in one line.
  • Chin should be tucked into your chest when your neck is resting in one position.
  • Release the pose by releasing your legs back over your head.
  • Inhale and slowly roll your spine down and lift your legs to ninety degrees
  • Exhale while you lower your legs to the mat.


  • Be careful with your neck
  • Continue to practice this if you are not facing any discomfort.
  • Practice this in front of a person who has good knowledge about alignment.
  • It is not recommended to everyone due to the injury.

2) Plow pose


  • Same benefit as shoulder stand
  • It is easier.


  • Use a mat
  • Lie down in a supine position
  • For support, press your arms and back on the floor.
  • Inhale, lift your legs to ninety degrees.
  • Slowly exhale, then bring your legs over your head.
  • Keep your hands on your lower back to support your body.
  • You can place a box on anything if your legs do not reach the floor completely.
  • You can keep your hands on the hips if your legs do not reach the floor or the box.
  • If you are comfortable then bring your arms along with your body to interlace your fingers in front of the hips. 
  • You can also bring your arms overhead.
  • Now, bring your arms to the floor.
  • Slowly inhale and lift your legs and realign your spine along the floor.
  • Exhale and lower your legs to the floor.

3) Fish Pose


  • It is easy
  • It can be performed on your own.
  • When you let your head hang back, you stimulate the thyroid by exposing the throat.


  • Use a mat
  • Sit on the mat
  • Sit on the mat with your legs extended.
  • Place your hands underneath your buttocks
  • Your palms should face down and your fingers should face towards the toes.
  • Open your chest and draw both the elbows to each other.
  • Slowly lean back onto your elbows and forearms.
  • Again, open your chest completely and press it into your arms to stay lifted.
  • If comfortable, drop your head back.
  • Now slowly release by lifting your head, by releasing your hands, and lie down on your back.

4) Legs up the wall pose


  • It is easy to perform.
  • It does not put pressure on the neck.
  • Suitable for most people.
  • It is passive and helps in maintaining your balance.
  • It can balance the thyroid and relieve stress.


  • Use a mat.
  • Lie down in a supine position.
  • Use a pillow underneath your hips for support. If you are flexible, add more height to the support.
  •  Your right side should face against the wall.
  •  Lie back and lift your legs along the walls.
  • Buttocks can be right up against the wall or they can be few inches away.
  • Find out the height and distance that works for you.
  • Relax your neck and chin, do not forget to soften your throat.
  • You can keep your arms in any comfortable position.
  • Remain in this position for at least 20 minutes.
  • Push yourself away from the wall and release the pose.

5) Cat-cow pose


  • It stimulates your thyroid.
  • It also improves the blood flow in the chest and neck area.
  • It is beneficial for the circulation of spinal fluid.
  • It enhances energy.
  • It increases mental clarity.


  • Use a mat.
  • Sit in a cat position, your wrists should be under your shoulders and knees underneath your hips.
  • Try to move your weight forward, backward, and side to side.
  • Then return to the center and make sure that you have equal weight on all four points or sides.
  • Inhale and fill your belly with air and drop toward the mat.
  • Lengthen your neck and throat and look up towards the ceiling.
  • Slowly exhale and draw your navel into your spine.
  •  As you lift, tuck your chin into your chest and raise or round your spine toward the ceiling.
  • The breath should guide the movement.
  • Try to continue this flowing movement for few minutes.
  • Release by going back into the child’s pose for few moments.


  • Try to focus on your throat area as you move through this pose.

Some other recommendation 

Try out

  • Cat stretch which is also called marjari asana.
  • Bridge pose which is also called setubandh asana.
  • Corpse pose which is also called Shavasana
  • Child pose which is also called Shishu asana.

Some diet tips for hyperthyroidism

  • If you have lost weight then try to eat good unsaturated fat. 
  • Do not eat junk to gain weight.
  • Ask your doctor to make a good healthy diet chart for you to gain weight.
  • Take a low iodine diet because iodine causes hyperthyroidism symptoms.
  • Eat lentils because it has a good source of protein and fiber.
  • If hyperthyroidism is not treated then it can weaken your bones so make sure to take a good amount of calcium in your diet.

Eat healthily and practice yoga to control your thyroid hormones. Most women suffer from thyroid issues so do not worry just follow your medications and take a proper diet. Do not stress yourselves by overthinking because it will not bring any solution instead it will spoil your health even more.

Now let us discuss some questions

Frequently Asked Questions

1) What is hyperthyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism refers to overactive hormones, it occurs when your thyroid gland produces too many thyroid hormones.

2) Why hyperthyroidism is dangerous?

Ans- Hyperthyroidism can speed up the body’s metabolism, leading to weight loss and rapid or irregular heartbeat.

3) Who is prone to hyperthyroidism?

Most women are prone to hyperthyroidism and also it can be genetic. Hyperthyroidism mostly occurs after a certain age, but even newborn babies inherit this. So there is no age limit.  

4) Is hyperthyroidism curable?

You cannot cure it completely but you can control the hormone through medications and doses differ and it depends on the level of imbalance. You can also go for radioactive iodine treatment.

5) What yoga asanas or positions can be practiced for hyperthyroidism?

Practice Cat stretch, Bridge pose, Corpse pose, Child pose. 

6) What are the benefits of yoga on hyperthyroidism?

It relieves stress, improves blood circulation, balances thyroid hormone, enhances energy.

7) What diet should be taken in case of hyperthyroidism?

You can ask your doctor/nutritionist to prepare a diet chart for you, if you lose weight then eat unsaturated fat, decrease the intake of iodine, eat lentils and high fiber foods.

Stygiophobia: The Fear of Hell, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

stygiophobia the fear of hell

Introduction to Stygiophobia

They say that the first and the last pages of our lives are already filled by god and all we have to do is to fill in the blank pages in between them in the way we love. But most of us fail to do so, we always tend to think of those things that never existed or cease to exist and we fail, no matter what we do, we still repeat the same mistake again and again. Instead of living, we tend to survive!

There’s a huge difference between living and surviving. We always either focus on the past or the future we tend to miss the present. And what I mean by focusing is that we, FEAR! We fear the past, the future, and death, which is inevitable. 

But some of us, fear it more to an extent that it turns out to become a Phobia, an exaggerated irrational fear of the unusual thing. 

One such unusual but overwhelming Fear of Hell is called Stygiophobia.

Definition of Stygiophobia

Stygiophobia is the fear of hell or the fear of being sent to hell. This fear can be rooted in religious beliefs or cultural beliefs about the afterlife. People with stygiophobia may experience anxiety or panic when thinking about the concept of hell or the possibility of going there after death.

They may also experience physical symptoms such as rapid heartbeat, sweating, and difficulty breathing when confronted with situations that trigger their fear. It is important to note that while everyone has their own unique fears and concerns, it is normal to have some fear or anxiety about death and the unknown.

However, when fear becomes excessive or interferes with a person’s daily life, it may be helpful to seek support from a mental health professional.

Meaning of Stygiophobia

The fear of hell is called Stygiophobia or also known as Hadephobia. 

This is not the same as the fear of death, it is related to it but not exactly it. If you experience a lot of sudden episodes of being in hell or feeling it often, there is a possible chance of you acquiring it. 

Related Post: Chronophobia the fear of Time

Symptoms of Stygiophobia

Symptoms of stygiophobia, or the fear of hell, can vary from person to person and may depend on the severity of the fear. However, some common symptoms may include:

  • Physical symptoms: Rapid heartbeat, sweating, difficulty breathing, dizziness, and nausea are all physical symptoms that may be experienced as a result of stygiophobia. These symptoms may occur when a person is confronted with situations that trigger their fear, such as thoughts of death or the concept of hell. 

    Some physical symptoms also include:

  • Cognitive symptoms: People with stygiophobia may experience negative or distorted thoughts and beliefs about the afterlife, such as believing they will go to hell after death. These negative thoughts can lead to feelings of anxiety and fear.

  • Behavioral symptoms: Stygiophobia may lead to avoidance of situations that trigger fear, such as discussions about death or the afterlife. In severe cases, the fear may interfere with a person’s daily life and activities.

    Some psychological symptoms are

If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of stygiophobia, it is important to seek support from a mental health professional. With appropriate treatment, it is possible to manage and overcome this fear.

stygiophobia: fear of hell

Causes of Stygiophobia

The causes of stygiophobia, or the fear of hell, can vary from person to person and may be influenced by a combination of factors. Some possible causes of stygiophobia may include:

  • Childhood experiences: Childhood experiences, such as being exposed to teachings about hell or the afterlife, can influence a person’s beliefs and fears about death and the afterlife.

  • Personal values and beliefs: A person’s personal values and beliefs about the afterlife may contribute to their fear of hell. For example, someone who believes in a religion or cultural tradition that teaches about the existence of hell may be more likely to experience stygiophobia.

  • Past trauma: Past trauma or negative experiences, such as the death of a loved one or a traumatic event, can increase a person’s fear of death and the unknown. This fear may extend to the concept of hell and the possibility of going there after death.

  • Genetics: Some research suggests that genetics may play a role in the development of phobias, including stygiophobia. However, the specific genes or mechanisms involved are not yet fully understood.

It’s typically believed that phobias arise from a combination of internal predilections and external factors. Most phobias are often a result of a horrible event that lies in our past, mostly a traumatic event. 

Thus, this Hadephobia could have been possibly aroused in an individual during the early phase of their lives. 

However, unlike other phobias, we cannot be sure of the cause of it though. 

It is important to note that the causes of stygiophobia can be complex and may involve a combination of factors. If you or someone you know is struggling with this fear, it is important to seek support from a mental health professional.

How to Overcome Stygiophobia

There are several treatment options available for individuals who are struggling with stygiophobia, or the fear of hell. Some common treatment approaches for this phobia may include:

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT): CBT is a type of therapy that focuses on changing negative thought patterns and behaviors. During CBT for stygiophobia, a therapist may help the individual identify and challenge their irrational beliefs about death and the afterlife, and teach them coping skills to manage their fear.

  • Exposure therapy: Exposure therapy involves gradually exposing the individual to their fear in a controlled and safe environment. This can help the individual learn to manage their fear and reduce their anxiety over time.

  • Medications: In some cases, a mental health professional may recommend the use of medications to help manage anxiety and other symptoms associated with stygiophobia. These may include antidepressants, beta-blockers, or other medications.

  • Supportive therapy: Supportive therapy, such as counseling or group therapy, can provide a safe and supportive environment for individuals to discuss and work through their fears and emotions related to stygiophobia.

  • Seek out Survivors – The only people who can understand you and help you fight your fears are those who have already fought them. So, seek out those with the same fears elsewhere around you and try to connect with them. 

The above-mentioned treatments are the most commonly used and effective ones for treating Stygiophobia. There can be even more available according to your state of mind.

Coping Strategies for Stygiophobia

If you are struggling with stygiophobia, or the fear of hell, there are several coping strategies that you can try to help manage your fear and reduce your anxiety:

  • Practice relaxation techniques: Techniques such as deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, and mindfulness meditation can help you manage stress and reduce anxiety.

  • Seek support: It can be helpful to talk to someone about your fear, whether it be a friend, family member, or mental health professional. Sharing your feelings and concerns can help you feel less alone and give you an outlet to express yourself.

  • Identify and challenge negative thoughts: People with stygiophobia may have negative thoughts and beliefs about death and the afterlife. Identifying and challenging these thoughts can help you learn to view things in a more balanced and realistic way.

  • Gradually expose yourself to your fear: Gradually exposing yourself to your fear in a controlled and safe environment can help you learn to manage your fear and reduce your anxiety over time. This can be done with the help of a mental health professional.

  • Practice self-care: It is important to take care of yourself and prioritize your physical and emotional well-being. This may involve engaging in activities that you enjoy, getting enough rest, and eating a healthy diet.

Remember that it is normal to feel anxious or fearful at times, and it is okay to ask for help when you need it. With time and practice, these coping strategies can help you manage your fear and live a more fulfilling life.


Life is too short, we all know that. Life is too short to worry or to be feared of anything, we just have one life, one short life. The moment you realize it, you will have no fears. As rightly said by Mahatma Gandhi Ji, “A man is a product of his thoughts”, you control your life. 

So, instead of just restricting yourself to limited space, open your mind to fresh and new things to be blissful about instead of developing persistent fears about a lost cause. 

You have a brain in your head and feet in your shoes, just steer yourself in the way that you choose and keep going without any resents and regrets, because remember that there is just one life and it is too short to be modified by the dud fears.


1) What are the other names of fear of Hell?

It is commonly known as Stygiophobia or hadephobia.

2) How to overcome Stygiophobia?

Well as mentioned in the sections above, the common treatments include,

  • Taking to a counselor 
  • Limit the exposure 
  • Seek out Survivors 
  • Help yourself 
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) 
  • Dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) 

3) What are the physical symptoms of stygiophobia?

The physical symptoms are,

  • Loss of appetite
  • Anxiety disorder
  • Panic attacks 
  • Sleeplessness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Hyperventilation
  • High blood pressure
  • Severe theism 
  • Palpitations
  • Migraines
  • Prickly sensations
  • Inability to stay relaxed

4) Can stygiophobia be cured?

While it is not possible to completely cure phobias, it is possible to manage and overcome them with appropriate treatment. With time and practice, individuals with stygiophobia can learn to manage their fear and reduce their anxiety.

5) How can I cope with stygiophobia?

Some coping strategies for stygiophobia may include practicing relaxation techniques, seeking support, challenging negative thoughts, gradually exposing yourself to your fear, and practicing self-care. It is important to work with a mental health professional to determine the best coping strategies for your specific needs.

6) Is it normal to have a fear of hell?

It is normal to have some fear or anxiety about death and the unknown. However, when fear becomes excessive or interferes with a person’s daily life, it may be helpful to seek support from a mental health professional. It is important to remember that everyone has their own unique fears and concerns, and seeking help is a sign of strength and courage.

7) What causes stygiophobia?

The causes of stygiophobia can vary from person to person and may be influenced by a combination of factors, such as childhood experiences, personal values and beliefs, past trauma, and genetics.

7 Hip Flexor Exercises: Effective and Easy to Do

girl doing hip flexor exercises

Imagine you’re not able to climb the stairs, move your knees or even walk. These days, desk jobs are making our hip flex muscles weaker and tighten our hip flexors. Hip problems have been increasing lately and have led to an increasing number of hip surgeries in the US. According to the research, most adults in early middle age are at peak of having a problem-related hip joint, and thus it is kind of important for most of us to include hip flexor exercises in our workout schedule. 

Powerful hip muscles are the one thing that sportsmen always want to have to compete in their sports. Therefore, we also need strong hip flexors muscles to carry out daily activities like climbing, standing, walking, sit-ups, standing, etc. 

These muscles let you lift your thigh towards your torso. But if these muscles are weak, you may experience low back pain. That is why it is important to keep hip flexors strong and flexible. 

Lower body workout especially targets hip flexors muscles. Hip flexor muscles include:

  • Psoas major 
  • Iliacus 
  • Rectus femoris 
  • Pectineus 
  • Sartorius

Therefore it is important to have hip flexor strong as well as flexible 

Hip Flexor Stretches

First of all, we’ll be talking about some hip flexor stretches, which will help you loosen up your hip flexor and bring flexibility to your joint. 

Related Post: Planche Pushup Procedure, Benefits, and Training

1. Seated butterfly stretch 

This move will stretch your inner thighs, hips, and your lower back. You should perform this exercise by sitting down.

  1. Sit on the floor having your back straight while engaging your abs.
  2. Join the soles of your feet together in front of you and hold them with your hand. 
  3. Try to pull your heels toward you and relax your knees.
  4. Take a deep breath, and try to hold this pose for 10 – 30 seconds.

2. Pigeon pose 

This is one of the most popular poses in yoga. Don’t force yourself to do this pose if you don’t feel comfortable.

  1. Stay In a plank position.
  2.  Now try to lift your left foot away from the floor and slide it forward so that your knee stays on the ground next to your hand. It depends upon your flexibility that where your knees and toes might fall.
  3. Now slide your right leg in backward lowering yourself to the floor, while keeping your hips square try to bring your upper body down as much as you can 
  4.  Hold the stretch and switch sides.

3. Bridges 

It is an amazing stretch that you can perform even while laying on your bed.

Lie down on your back and bring your arms at your sides, feet touching the floor with your knees bent. Try to position your feet in such a way so that your fingers can touch your heels.

  1. Press your heels, and try to lift your hips off the floor in the upward direction while squeezing your glutes and feel the stretch. Try to keep your shoulders close under your body.
  2. Hold the position for a few seconds and then return to the original position. Repeat this several times. Don’t forget to breathe properly.

Related Post: Jawline exercises, 9 Ways for Chiseled Jawline

Hip strengthening exercises 

The following are some exercises to strengthen your hip muscles.

1) Lunges 

Begin from a standing position. Look in the forward direction and take steps from your right foot 

  1. You need to make sure that a 90-degree angle is formed between your right foot and your left foot while taking steps. 
  2. Make sure that your knee hovers above or softly touches the floor.
  3. Step back again in the standing position and repeat the same with your left leg. 
  4. Focus on making balance and try to connect with your body.
  5. Repeat the exercise with a minimum of 2 sets of 15 reps.

2) Floor sliding mountain climbers 

Grab a cloth, towel, paper, or something that slides easily. You can also wear socks and do this exercise. 

Stand on a floor with having smooth surface or wood floor. 

  1. Begin with a pushup position, holding the cloth with your feet.
  2. Pull your right leg in the direction of your chest and do the same thing with your left leg simultaneously. 
  3. This is similar to mountain climbers. All you have to do is slide your leg on the floor while doing one.
  4. Begin slowly, and focus on the form. Later, pick up the pace.

3) Skater squats

This exercise is similar to squats but it targets most of your hip muscles.

  1. After each squat, shift your weight to either one of your legs while lifting the opposite leg off to one side with your toes pointing in the other direction.
  2. Do alternatively with each leg.
  3. Lie on your back and take turns moving each leg upward and off the ground for about 2 seconds.
  4. Hold it at a 45-degree angle. Your other leg should be bent at the knee with your foot resting on the floor, and keep the toe pointed to the sky.
  5. Switch both the legs and then repeat 10 times on each leg.

4) Straight leg raises

It is one of the best and the easiest exercise to do. It targets the hip flexor and the core muscles. It is generally included in the rehab program after a hip injury. It is a nice exercise to add to your lower body workout.

  1. Lie down on the floor.
  2. Bend your right foot at a 90-degree angle keeping it landed on the ground.
  3. Engaging the quadriceps muscles of your left leg raise it to a 45-degree angle while inhaling, keeping another leg straight.
  4. Hold the position for 5-6 seconds. 
  5. Now, exhale and bring the leg down back to that position.
  6. Repeat it 10 times for each leg

Related Post: Muscular Endurance vs Cardiovascular Fitness

5) Wall psoas hold 

This exercise helps you to strengthen your hip flexor muscle called the psoas. It helps to increase side length and reduce hip injury. 

Begin from a standing position. 

  1. Bring your right knee upward bending your leg at a 90-degree angle 
  2. Lower it slowly, feeling the stretch, and repeat with another leg.

6) Hip flexion 

It helps you to bring more flexibility and targets your glutes too. 

Lay down on your back and keep your leg straight. 

  1. Take one knee at a time and pull it towards your chest. 
  2. Try to pull it as much as you can near to your chest 
  3. Now, bring the leg back to the starting position and repeat the same with another leg.

These are some of the exercises that you can practice regularly and get strong and flexible hip flexors. The stronger the hip flexors you’ll have there will be less chance of hip injury. 

After doing these exercises many times you might not feel difficulty in doing these exercises. You can later do an add on to your workout by adding weight and different products to make your workout more interesting 

Related Post: How to Lose Weight Easily: 6 Simple Ways

Some products are: 

1) Resistance bands

[amazon box="B08C7S9RNY" description_items="2" description_length="100" image_size="large" price="none" sale_ribbon="none" ]
Pros Cons
The basic benefit is you don't have to go for extra weight when you use them, you can just increase the sets 
Bad at offsetting the effect of gravity 
Allows you to work on more muscles
Bands can break
Provide resistance that helps in strengthening and toning muscles 
Difficulty in reflecting back 

2) Ankle weights

[amazon box="B075C7WCXM" description_items="2" description_length="100" image_size="large" price="none" sale_ribbon="none"]
Pros Cons
Better endurance 
Possibility of leg strain and injury 
Also helps in toning of legs 
(do not use if you feel uncomfortable working out with it)
More Versatility
Burns more calories

3) Therapy balls 

[amazon box="B08RJ4565F" description_items="2" title_length="100" description_length="100" image_size="large" price="none" sale_ribbon="none"]
Pros Cons
It helps to build core strength 
Helps in improving balance 
Massages with it relieves tension in your muscles 

More exercises using these products

1) Lateral Band Walk

This exercise focuses on strengthening the hip flexor and side muscles known as glutes medius. These are the muscles responsible for stability while walking and running.

  1. Place both the legs inside the resistance 
  2. Make sure that there is tension and engage your abdomen.
  3. Walk sideways about 10 steps on each side 
  4. Also, try to perform this exercise in a squat position

2) Hip abduction with resistance band

For this exercise tie your rubber therapy band around a table or a foot of a bed or something stable. 

  1. Place one foot inside the band, and then try to push it in an outward direction. 
  2. Hold it for 2 seconds 
  3. Return to the starting position 
  4. Switch legs and repeat 10 times.
  5. After feeling comfortable with the exercise repeat it 15 times.

3) Ball bridge with knee flexion

After mastering the ball bridge, add knee flexion to it for further challenge. It causes contraction in the hamstring, core stability, hips, and core muscles 

  1. Hold the ball bridge position.
  2. Then bend your knees slowly and allow the ball to roll toward your butt
  3. Make sure your abdominals are getting engaged 
  4. Hold this position for two seconds when your knees are bent 
  5. Repeat it 10 times 
  6. Then slowly lower your body and relax

4) Ball bridges 

  1. Lay on your back with your legs resting on the ball 
  2. Slowly raise your butt upward and make a bridge position of your body 
  3. Make sure your hip and core muscles are engaged 
  4. Hold this position for 2 seconds and then lower your body down 
  5. Repeat this exercise 10 times

5) Knee crunches

We need therapy or an exercise ball for this.

  1.  Start with your hands on the floor and your legs resting on the ball 
  2.  Then lift your legs and hips that are on the top of the ball 
  3. Keeping your back straight pull your knees towards the chest
  4. Stretch out to the original position and relax 
  5.  Do 3 sets of 15 -20 reps.

Frequently Asked Questions

1) What is the best way to strengthen your hip flexor?

You can use exercise or therapy balls to do knee crunches. It not only targets your hip flexor but also most parts of your lower body. 

2) What if you don’t have a hip flexor?

Without hip flexor, you can not bend your knees inward towards your chest and you’ll also find it difficult in staying in a squat position for a long time.

3) After an injury, when should we reduce movement in the hip flexor?

For at least 48 hours you should reduce movement in your hip flexor after initial straining occurs. That means you should stay away from any activity that lifts or flex your knee too much.

4) What is a hip flexor?

They are the group of muscles that allow your knees to move towards your chest and your leg to move upward.

5) What is a standing hip flexor stretch?

Stand straight and bring one of your knees towards your chest and hold it for 5 seconds or more if you can.

Feel the stretch in your hip muscles and then bring your leg back on the ground and take a rest 

Do the same with your other leg and repeat it 5 times or more if you are comfortable.

6) How can we get rid of hip flexor pain?

  1. Get a chair 
  2. Place one of your arms on the chair and keep yourself balanced
  3. Now bend your other leg till you are feeling the stretch 
  4. Stay in that position for 30-60 second 
  5. After holding the position, bring your leg back to the standing position and relax 
  6. Repeat the exercise with another leg.

7) Why should we do hip flexor exercises?

Not everyone can have agile hips but we can strengthen them and make them more flexible by exercising. Even great sportsmen wish to have a strong hip flexor, which provides them more strength to play the sport. Even dancers, strong hip flexors are responsible for their sexy rocky moves. Not only for sports or dance but strong hip flexors are also important for daily life as they prevent you from any severe hip injury and do not let you face any problem while walking, bending knees, or even while climbing. 

8) How to strengthen the sides of your hips?

Lay on one side of your hip. Raise the opposite leg in the direction of your ceiling. Make you’re engaging your hip muscles. Hold it for 6 seconds and then bring it back to the original position. Do 15-20 reps and 3 sets of it.

Depression Treatment: Some Hobbies for Coping Depression

depression treatment

Depression is named a mindset problem. It is very well might be depicted as sensations of misery, misfortune, or outrage that meddle with an individual’s regular exercises. It’s likewise genuinely normal. Individuals unexpectedly experience depression. It might interrupt day-by-day work, bringing about lost time and lower usefulness. It can likewise impact connections and some ongoing ailments.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Trusted Source appraises that 8.1 percent of American grown-ups over the age of 20 had sadness in some random 2-week time span from 2013 to 2016. Women are almost certain than men to encounter depression. A few examinations show that 33% of women will encounter a significant burdensome scene in the course of their life. There is a serious level of heritability roughly 40% when first-degree family members have the disorder.

Symptoms of Depression

A person with a depressive mind may have the following symptoms:

  • A discouraged mind-set 
  • Diminished interest or delight in exercises once appreciated 
  • Loss in appetite 
  • Inadvertent weight reduction or gain 
  • Resting excessively or excessively little 
  • Unsettling, fretfulness, and pacing all over 
  • Eased back development and discourse 
  • Weakness or loss of energy 
  • Sensations of uselessness or blame 
  • Trouble thinking, focusing, or deciding 
  • Repetitive considerations of death or self-destruction, or an endeavor at self-destruction

What causes depression

There are a few potential reasons for depression that are:

  • Family ancestry –You’re at a higher danger for creating sorrow if you have a family background of despondency or another disposition issue. 
  • Youth injury –A few occasions influence how your body responds to fear and unpleasant circumstances. 
  • Mind structure –There’s more danger for depression if the front-facing flap of your cerebrum is less dynamic. Nonetheless, researchers couldn’t say whether this occurs previously or after the beginning of burdensome side effects. 
  • Medical conditions –Certain conditions may put you at higher danger, like constant sickness, sleep deprivation, ongoing torment, or consideration shortfall hyperactivity problem (ADHD).


Depression is a curable disorder and can be treated by both medication and therapy.


 Medications helpful in reducing depression are:

  • Antidepressants: helps to reduce depression, anger, and impulsivity.
  • Mood stabilizers: helps to stabilize mood and reduce irritability.
  • Anti-Anxiety medication helps to reduce anxiety, agitation.


Therapies helpful in treating depression are:

  • Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy gives you tips and instruments to think, act and respond to your negative considerations and habits. It additionally helps individuals in lessening their mental pain, by giving them effective methods of think and act.

  • Light therapy

Openness to dosages of white light can assist with managing your temperament and further develop indications of depression Light treatment is regularly utilized in occasional emotional issues, which is presently called a significant burdensome problem.

Hobbies for people with depression

  • Start playing music

Playing music is an incredible method to reduce the worry and misery of your life and assuming you play in gatherings, you meet different artists additionally which will help you in making some old buddies. playing music will help your self-assurance too.

  • Start photography 

Head outside and catch new things. Stay in the excellence of nature. With this, you will actually want to investigate unique and new spots and make a memory for the future which will treat your downturn all alone. 

  • Begin composing a diary

At the point when you begin composing your opinion and do, you are all the more effectively ready to communicate your sentiments and musings when contrasted with when you talk about them. At the point when you record your contemplations you are fundamentally depicting your indications and examples. It will assist you with defeating your forlornness too. 

  • Take on yoga  

Yoga is known as a characteristic pressure reliever. It will normally help your physical and mental energy and reduction your pressure and gloom. 

  • Evaluate some planting abilities. 

Cultivating will likewise make you occupied and you ponder your plants or the vegetable nursery which you have made and less about different things. It helps in the decrease of the seriousness of the psychological issue. 

  • Evaluate a few doodles. 

A doodle is a work of art where you have a lot of things in a figure which you can shading, how you like. You can draw and afterward shading or there are books accessible in which you can simply sit back on a seat or any place you feel good and shading as indicated by your desire. Drawing and shading are probably the most ideal approaches to beat forlornness and despondency. It will likewise grow your creative mind.

  • Start reading books

As books are a great way to escape from real-life stress, doctors also suggest people to read books when they are in depression. Not only this, but books also help in increasing self-esteem, reduce symptoms of depression, help build better relationships with others, and reduces anxiety and stress.

Frequently Asked Questions

What happens in the brain during depression?

While depression can influence an individual mentally, it likewise can possibly influence actual designs in the mind. These progressions range from irritation and oxygen limitation to real shrinking. Depression can affect the central control center of your nervous system. It likewise impacts the body and actual wellbeing, causing weariness, stomach-related problems, torment, and different entanglements identified with the helpless choices made when feeling depressed.

What is the worst form of depression?

Clinical depression also known as major depression or major depressive disorder is the most severe form of depression. It’s anything but equivalent to wretchedness brought about by a misfortune, like the demise of a friend or family member, or an ailment, like a thyroid issue and etc.

Is depression common in children?

Yes. Kids are dependent upon the very figures that cause depression. This includes an adjustment of actual wellbeing, life occasions, heredity, or legacy, climate, and compound aggravation in the mind. Depression in kids is not quite the same as the “ordinary” blues and regular feelings that are run of the mill in offspring of different ages. Kids who are discouraged experience changes in their conduct that are tireless and problematic to their ordinary way of life, normally meddling with associations with companions, homework, exceptional interests, and day-to-day life. It might likewise happen simultaneously as consideration shortage hyperactivity problem, fanatical urgent issue.

For what reason are women bound to get depressed? 

Women foster misery twice as regularly as men, because of different changes in hormone levels. For instance, sadness is also normal during pregnancy and menopause, just as in the wake of conceiving an offspring, enduring a premature delivery, or having a hysterectomy – these are on the whole occasions when women experience immense variances in hormones. Not only this Premenstrual condition (PMS) and premenstrual dysphoric problem (PMDD), may also cause depression.

Can you claim benefits for depression?

Individuals struggling financially and mentally with changes in their condition are at risk of increased levels of stress, anxiety, or depression. In the event that you have day by day living as well as versatility needs in view of an emotional wellness condition, you might be qualified for PIP and ought to think about making a case to DWP

Social Anxiety Disorder: Symptoms, Triggers, and Treatment

Person suffering from social anxiety

Social anxiety at times alluded to as friendly fear is a kind of issue that causes outrageous dread in a group environment. People with this issue experience trouble speaking with people, meeting new people, and going to social gatherings. They fear being judged or inspected by others. They may understand that their sensations of fear are illogical or amazing, yet feel slight to overcome them.

Individuals frequently think about nervousness, including social tension, exclusively as a passionate or state of mind. Be that as it may, in a troublesome social circumstance, individuals with social anxiety may feel hot and panicky, or their hearts may race. Their throats may feel dry and their muscles may jerk. They may even feel sickened.

If you have social nervousness, converse with your primary care physician about picking up quieting methods that can help deal with these indications when they strike.

According to the latest government epidemiological data, social anxiety affects about 7% of the American population – about 22 million people. Regardless of whether you’re not influenced by social anxiety, there’s a possibility of having it from companions or associates who do. 

Anxiety happens when you make your joy and yourself conditional to people’s judgments of you and outer circumstances. It happens when you put people’s opinions of you above your opinion on yourself and when you make your worthiness conditional to things turning out the way you expected.

Have you ever felt being controlled by someone or someone’s opinion bother you much than your opinions?

Are you afraid of being judged by others?

Do you find yourself too much embarrassed around a mass of people?

And do you restrict yourself from meeting people?

What is Social Phobia or Social Anxiety?

Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD), also known as Social Phobia or Social Anxiety is a type of anxiety disorder that causes extreme fear and embarrassment in social surroundings. 

It is also defined as a mental condition that is characterized by a fear of being watched by or judged by people in social situations.

It is a chronic disorder and thus the anxiety that is so intense should have affected the person’s life for about six months.

People with this kind of disorder would always feel worried about being anxious, such as trembling, blushing, or think they are awkward. Sometimes it is also accompanied by a series of physical symptoms like increased heart rate, feeling sick, sweating, feeling nauseous, muscle tension, dizziness, and even shortness of breath.

Triggers of Social Anxiety

  • Being watched when eating 
  • Asked to perform in front of others
  • Being called to address a gathering suddenly
  • Meeting unfamiliar people 
  • Talking to colleagues

Symptoms of Social Anxiety

Social Anxiety may cause the following physical symptoms:

Social Phobia has a lot of physical, emotional, and behavioral manifestations such as,

  • Intense fear of judgment from others
  • Feelings of panic attacks 
  • The mind goes black out of nowhere
  • Facing difficulties to speak
  • Difficulty in making eye contacts
  • Avoiding situations that trigger anxiety
  • Sensitive to criticism, low self-esteem, and feeling of inferiority 
  • The feeling of fear and dread in some situations 
  • Rigid body postures and soft voice in public 
  • Feeling self-conscious and embarrassed 

All these mentioned symptoms must not be taken lightly as they can disrupt the routine. Without proper treatment, the person cannot attain his or her true potential. 

When anxiety is severe or chronic, it can cause other serious disorders like depression or other malpractices. 

Symptoms in Children

In children, the symptoms may vary such as,

  • Freezing 
  • Not speaking in social surroundings
  • Clinging to parents and not getting well with their peers
  • Throwing tantrums 
  • Crying

Causes of Social Anxiety

Several factors may contribute to social anxiety. As with all anxiety disorders, there is a gentle hereditary inclination to feeling more restless. Individuals with all anxiety problems may come from families or subcultures which interface sensations of worth with execution in the social or expert fields.

Numerous individuals with social anxiety report a background marked by at least one embarrassing encounter in friendly circumstances when they were younger.

Treatment of Social Anxiety

Every one of us has fears, horrible fears, fears that are hard to explain, fears that cannot be revealed so easily, thus the treatment for this anxiety differs from person to person, some of them are:

1- Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive Behavior Therapy is a type of psychotherapy, that provides you tips and tools to think, act and react to your negative thoughts and habits. It also helps people in reducing their psychological distress, by providing them alternative ways of think and behave.

2- Exposure therapy

This type of therapy helps people to overcome social situations, rather than ignoring them. Exposure treatment includes uncovering the patient objective to the anxiety source or its setting without the expectations to create any risk. Doing so is thought to assist them with defeating their tension or misery.

3- Group therapy

Group treatment assists you with mastering social abilities and strategies to connect with individuals in social environments. Taking part in group treatment with other people who have similar feelings of trepidation may cause you to feel less alone. It will allow you an opportunity to rehearse your new abilities through pretending.

4- Avoiding Caffeine 

It is a very commonly used solution to stress and mood-outs, but sometimes consuming caffeine can trigger panic attacks within you.

5- Psychotherapy

In this method of treatment, you will be trained to outshine your fears within by remodeling your pessimistic thoughts about yourself and it helps to gain confidence in yourself.

6- Support Groups

Sometimes we need someone to understand the way we feel, we expect someone to console and comfort us despite the indifferences. 

Support groups gather people undergoing the same circumstances as you are, it will aid you to connect with them and feel secured. 

7- Medication 

The most commonly prescribed medications for patients with Social Anxiety Disorders are,

Risk Factors of Social Phobia

Many factors can lead an individual more susceptible to acquire Social Anxiety Disorder, 

  • Work demands – when the students are asked to present a presentation, etc.
  • Pessimistic experiences – being bullied, rejected, teased, or ridiculed.
  • Family history –inherited via biological parents
  • Possessing an appearance that draws attention – people with some diseases like Parkinson’s disease or Huntington’s chorea or Cushing’s syndrome etc, where the people have an unusual appearance.

What are the complications of Social Phobia?

When the disorder is left untreated, it can turn your life upside down. These kinds of anxiety disorders must be taken seriously as they can interfere with one’s routine, cordial relationships, etc.

The complications include,

  • Inferiority Complex
  • Pessimistic attitudes
  • Low academic accomplishments
  • Suicide attempts
  • Poor social skills
  • Low self-esteem
  • Hypersensitivity to criticism
  • Substance misuse
  • Isolation from society

Preventive Measures for Social Anxiety

None can predict if one can acquire any anxiety disorder in a particular phase of their life, but one can always take preventive measures to avoid it like,

  • Seek help early
  • Set priorities in life
  • Keep a journal, and track down 
  • Avoid unhealthy substance use
  • Speak up boldly
  • Don’t care about judgments

How to support people with Social Anxiety?

1- Focus on their feelings

Try not to inquire as to why the individual is feeling anxious. All things considered, ask them about their feeling. Urge them to list their manifestations. Give the victim space to feel without interference. If they’re crying, let them cry. It’ll reduce the pressing factor quicker.

2- Work with their emotions

The critical thing to recall is that uneasiness is anything but a judicious problem. Subsequently, a reasonable reaction will probably not help, particularly during a time of distress. All things being equal, attempt to work with their feelings.

Acknowledge that they feel restless and, as opposed to being immediate, be patient and kind. Advise them that while they may feel bothered, the inclination will pass. Work with the silly considerations and recognize that the individual is stressed.

3-Show Patience 

Tolerance is a virtue about anxiety. Make an effort not to blow your top or snap at the individual. Sit tight for the most noticeably terrible piece of the assault to spike before making a move or attempting to assist the individual with justifying what’s going on.

4- Use distraction techniques

Recommend the person going for a walk, perusing a book, or playing a game. This will divert the restless cerebrum and empower the individual to quiet down normally. It’s likewise a good way for everyone to lower their anxiety.

5- Try not to Criticize 

Individuals who have social anxiety are generally excessively condemning themselves. They additionally accept that others are deciding between them. So, try not to advise your companion that they need to extricate up, or that they need to talk more.

Take a stab at understanding the limits that social nervousness can put on their life and make an effort not to hope for something else than they can give. Be patient and cheerful that your companion will slowly improve as you give a steady climate to them.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is social anxiety a lack of confidence?

People with social anxiety have low self-esteem compared to those without the disorder. Those negative voices in your mind disclosing to you that you are nothing but bad in friendly and execution circumstances are really an inevitable outcome for certain individuals with social anxiety.

Does social anxiety change your personality?

The outcomes showed that people with social uneasiness problems had notably extraordinary character traits specifically, high neuroticism and introversion, at the end of the day, a propensity to be touchy and internal turning.

What can I do when my mind goes completely blank due to social anxiety during public speaking?

At the time, you can do two or three things. In the first place, take as much time as is needed. Take a full breath. Take a sip of water. Seemingly a zillion year is truly a couple of moments. Regularly crowds don’t see you’ve gone clear – they believe you’re stopping for impact or gathering your considerations. Second, irrationally, is to associate with your crowd. Maybe then turning your consideration internal and hysterically scanning your mind for what you had wanted to say, turn your consideration outward, take a gander at, and associate with the crowd.

They are simply individuals. Convey your discussion to them as you would to a companion. This moves the dynamic from an exhibition to a discussion, which brings down the pressing factor and lets’s lose you to recall what you planned to say.

Can you be charismatic and have social anxiety?

Yes, totally ​the charm may be a “security conduct.” That is, it very well may be an apparatus to cover an apparent character or social abilities deformity. 

Well-being practices shield a person from seeing fast-approaching judgment or dismissal; however, on another level, they misfire. On account of appeal, the cordial persona the people influence probably keeps others from really knowing or drawing near to them. 

The arrangement would be for the charming individual to explore different avenues regarding dropping the demonstration and discover that genuine companions actually like and acknowledge them, in any event, when they’re not “on” or being engaging.

Can social anxiety make a person appear unfriendly?

Indeed surely. This is very normal and generally inadvertent. People with social tension use “safety behavior” to cover their apparent insufficiencies and stay away from expected judgment, yet those equivalent wellbeing practices can cause them to show up unfriendly. 

While wellbeing practices serve to decrease one’s uneasiness, they can send an inadvertently unpleasant message

Is Seasonal Anxiety Disorder and Social Anxiety Disorder the same?

NO, both the disorders have the same acronym SAD. So, people tend to confuse both disorders, although both are types of anxiety disorders, they are quite different.

Can Social Anxiety Disorder be cured?

It is the most common mental illness and it is treatable.

Are Social Phobia and social anxiety the same?

Social phobia refers to the intense fear of being scrutinized and judged by others whereas Social Anxiety describes intense self-consciousness and nervousness.

What is relatively the best therapy for Social Anxiety?

Psychotherapy, a type of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy that is a commonly used form of treatment for SAD. But it is not the best therapy for everyone. It may change with each patient.

When do the symptoms of social phobia start arising?

Usually, Social Phobia can begin in childhood and adolescence and develop in adults. This is usually for people with biological information, heredity.

Hypothyroidism vs Hyperthyroidism: Difference, Symptoms & More

Hypothyroidism vs Hyperthyroidism difference

Hypothyroidism vs Hyperthyroidism

Hypothyroidism vs hyperthyroidism is one of the most confusing topics. Both are two different diseases. It has different meanings, causes, risks, symptoms.

First, we must know the work of the thyroid and what it is responsible for.

The thyroid gland is one of the essential glands that play a major role in the growth of metabolism. It releases thyroid hormones into the bloodstream which regulates body function. Overall, it helps in the development of the body. Every cell in our body is dependent on the thyroid hormone for the regulation of its metabolism. 

The function of Thyroid Gland

The main function of the thyroid is to consume iodine that is found in varieties of foods and convert it into two main thyroid hormones-

  •  Thyroxine
  • Triiodothyronine

These hormones are required by all the cells in your body to work efficiently. The thyroid gland is the only gland that absorbs iodine. The hormones released to control the metabolism.

Metabolism means the conversion of oxygen and calories that you take from foods into energy.

The two main diseases caused by the thyroid gland are-

Let us talk about it one by one


Hypothyroidism refers to the disease when your thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones. It is a condition of underactive thyroid. The production of hormones is slow. As the production of hormones is slow, the metabolism also becomes slow. 

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

Symptoms differ from person to person, it depends upon the hormone deficiency. Symptoms develop slowly with time. It takes about a year to properly recognize the disease symptoms. 

In the beginning, you hardly see any symptoms other than weight gain and fatigue. When the deficiency of hormones decreases, eventually the metabolism also decreases which results in serious problems.

Symptoms include-

  • Fatigue
  • Constipation
  • Dry skin
  • Weight gain
  • Muscle weakness
  • Increased blood cholesterol level
  • Thinning hair
  • Depression
  • Goiter (enlarged thyroid)
  • Feeling of cold
  • Irritability
  • Slow heart rate

The early symptoms are anxiety, weight gain, hair loss, trouble in concentration, excessive tiredness, you will be unable to tolerate cold.

Causes of Hypothyroidism

When the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones it leads to hypothyroidism. There can be many other causes like-

  • Autoimmune disease- It is also called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. It occurs when the immune system produces antibodies that attack our own tissues. It can be due to genes or environmental conditions. If this happened, it affects the ability of the thyroid gland to produce hormones.
  • Radioactive iodine treatment- When a person suffers from hyperthyroidism (when the thyroid gland produces excessive hormones), it is treated with radioactive iodine. This treatment is done so that the thyroid gland function normally. But sometimes, correcting hyperthyroidism can lead to lower production of hormones, which results in permanent hypothyroidism.
  • Thyroid surgery- When we remove a portion of the thyroid gland, it lowers the productivity of hormones. 
  • Radiation therapy- Radiation treats cancer of the neck and head. This therapy can sometimes affect the thyroid gland and can result in hypothyroidism.
  • Deficiency of iodine in the diet- The thyroid gland absorbs iodine, it needs iodine to produce thyroid hormones. Iodine can be consumed only through diet. If your diet does not include iodine, it can affect hormone production. Iodine can be consumed from dairy products, eggs, saltwater fish.
  • Medication- Numerous medications can lead to hypothyroidism. For instance, lithium is taken to treat a psychiatric disorder. A person must concern a doctor about the effect of the medication on the thyroid gland. 
  • Thyroid problem at birth- Some babies are born with the improper functioning of the thyroid gland. It is called congenital hypothyroidism 
  • Disorder or damage of pituitary gland- Pituitary hormones produces thyroid-stimulating hormones. Which basically informs the thyroid, how many hormones should be produced. If it gets damaged, it can seldom affect the production of thyroid hormones.

Risks Associated With It

Anyone can develop hypothyroidism. It mostly affects women than men. It can be genetic if any person from your family suffers from autoimmune disease. 

  • When we grow older the risk increases
  • If you are women
  • Genetics
  • Treated with radioactive iodine
  • Being pregnant or delivered a baby within the past six months 
  • Diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, celiac disease
  • Down syndrome

How to know whether we have hypothyroidism

If we have symptoms, the doctor will conduct blood tests to check the level of hormones. Thyroid-stimulating hormone, thyroxine.

If the test result is abnormal, then the doctor will conduct a thyroid scan or ultrasound, to check the inflammation.

Treatment of Hypothyroidism

  • To treat hypothyroidism, doctors will prescribe the human-made thyroid hormone T4. This pill is taken every day. 
  • You have to undergo blood tests regularly to check your thyroid hormone levels.
  • The doctor needs to adjust your medication from time to time.

If hypothyroidism is left untreated there can be many complications.

  • Older women mostly above 60 years are at risk if their hormones level are extremely low.
  • It can lead to goiter, the glands swell and changes the appearance of the neck.
  • It can increase the cholesterol level and can be riskier for the heart.
  • It becomes difficult for girls to conceive because the lower thyroid hormone disrupts egg production.
  • Weight increases because the metabolism becomes slow, which does not burn enough calories.


Hyperthyroidism refers to the disease when your thyroid gland produces an excess of thyroxine. It is a condition of an overactive thyroid. The production of hormones is too much. As the production of hormones is too fast, the metabolism also becomes fast, which converts the calories into energy very soon. This leads to unintentional weight loss.

Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism

When the amount of T3 and T4 increases, the metabolic rate increases, and hence our body shows the following symptoms: 

Causes of Hyperthyroidism

There can be various reasons for developing hyperthyroidism. The most common cause is an autoimmune disorder. It causes the thyroid to secrete too much hormone. It is most common in women than men.

  • It can be genetic.
  • Excess of iodine
  • Excessive intake of tetraiodothyronine through dietary supplements or medication.

How to know whether we have hyperthyroidism

  • The first step is to get a complete physical exam. This will help to know the reason behind-
    • Weight loss
    • Rapid pulse rate
    • High blood pressure
    • Enlarged thyroid gland
  • Other tests can be done to check your cholesterol level, if the cholesterol level is low, this means that the metabolism is too high and it is burning the cholesterol quickly.
  • Another test can be for T4, T3. It measures the level of thyroid hormone in your blood.
  • A thyroid scan can be done, this will help the doctor to know whether the thyroid is overactive. 
  • Doctors can conduct an ultrasound, this will measure the size of the thyroid gland.

Treatment of Hyperthyroidism

  • Medications

Medication like tapazole stops the thyroid from making hormones.

Medicine will be recommended by the doctor. It must be taken every day.

  • Radioactive Iodine

It destroys the cell that produces hormones. Side effects can be dry mouth, dry eyes, sore throat.

  • Surgery

The part of the thyroid can be surgically removed. But proper thyroid hormone supplements must be taken to prevent hypothyroidism.

Things that can be done by you to improve the symptoms

  • Take a proper diet, with proper calcium and sodium which prevents hyperthyroidism.
  • Ask your doctor for proper diet and exercise.
  • It can also weaken the bone, which can lead to osteoporosis. This can be treated by taking vitamin D or calcium supplements.

Difference between Hypothyroidism vs Hyperthyroidism

Hypothyroidism leads to slow metabolism, weight gain, and tiredness. A slow metabolism can slow down the body’s functioning. Whereas in hyperthyroidism, you become more energetic. you experience weight loss. You can feel depressed or anxious too.

The most common difference between hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism is the hormone levels. In hypothyroidism, the hormone decreases. Whereas in hyperthyroidism, hormone increases.

You look fat in case of hypothyroidism and you look thin in case of hyperthyroidism. 

In conclusion, they both are equally dangerous if left untreated. It can lead to unconsciousness and death. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Let us discuss some common questions.

What are hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism refers to the disease when your thyroid gland produces an excess of hormones. It is basically overactive thyroid. 

Hypothyroidism means when the thyroid gland produces fewer hormones. It is basically underactive thyroid.

Why do we look fat in case of hypothyroidism?

We look fat because the thyroid gland produces fewer hormones, which lowers the metabolism rate. Due to the slow metabolism, calories do not convert into energy which makes us look fat.

Why do we look thin in case of hyperthyroidism?

We look thin because the thyroid gland produces excess hormones, which increases the metabolism rate. Due to the fast metabolism, calories convert into energy too quickly which makes us look thin. 

Can we have symptoms of both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism?

Yes, a person may switch from hyperthyroidism to hypothyroidism and vice versa. It can be due to the treatment and other factors.

What are the symptoms of hyperthyroidism?

In case of hyper, you feel nervous, weak or tired, irregular heartbeat, you feel very hot and sweat a lot.

How to boost the production of thyroid hormone?

Eat iodine-rich foods. Eat salted nuts, eggs, dairy products.

What are the warning signs of thyroid-related problems?

Weight gain or loss, hair loss, feeling cold or overheated, anxiety, trouble in concentrating.

Does the thyroid affect the sleeping cycle?

Yes, an overactive thyroid can affect sleep due to irritability and nervousness, and a constant feeling of tiredness. 

What food should be avoided in case of overactive thyroid?

Iodized salt, fish and shellfish, dairy products, iodine supplements.